10 facts about blood sugar that can save your life

10 facts about blood sugar that can save your life

Whether you have diabetes or not, your blood sugar level plays a big role in your overall health. Here is important information about blood sugar.

Normal fasting blood sugar is between 0.7 g / l and 1 g / l. Below a certain level, this is called hypoglycemia, and above a certain level, it is called hyperglycemia. Diabetes occurs when the blood sugar level is above 1.26 g / l on an empty stomach.

Blood sugar is the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Sugar is one of the essential nutrients for the proper functioning of the body’s cells and is used to produce energy. Some of the blood glucose is converted to glycogen, which supplies the body with energy.

The regulation of blood sugar in the body is done by a constant balance between different hormones. For example, a hormone produced by the pancreas insulin It increases the levels of glucagon, adrenaline, growth hormone or cortisol and at the same time lowers the level of sugar in the blood. Diet, physical activity and stress also cause changes in blood sugar levels.

10 Life Saving Facts About Blood Sugar # 1

It is necessary to control your blood sugar

A healthy pancreas produces insulin according to its sugar. After a meal rich in carbohydrates, the blood sugar level rises and stimulates the release of insulin. This hormone binds to the membranes of certain cells, speeds up the entry of glucose into the cells and lowers blood sugar levels.

Checking your blood sugar level allows you to check if there is a problem with insulin production or with insulin receptors. Because diabetes is a silent disease that is asymptomatic most of the time, it helps determine if a patient has diabetes or another disorder. Therefore, people at higher risk of developing diabetes (family history, overweight, presence of other health problems such as high blood pressure) should have their blood sugar checked, even if they have no symptoms.

What is the right fasting blood sugar level? How do you drop it? How is a blood test performed? What if it’s too low? Here are 10 facts about blood sugar that you need to know.

10 Facts About Blood Sugar That Can Save You Life # 2

Simple carbohydrates and glycemic index

Food must be converted into its simplest form, glucose, so that the body can use it. Carbohydrates have a huge effect on blood sugar levels because they are converted to glucose during digestion. Glucose is then absorbed by the cells in the small intestine and from there passes into the bloodstream.

Blood sugar levels depend on the amount and types of carbohydrates consumed. There are complex and simple carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates are more harmful than others. Simple carbohydrates such as white bread, pasta, cakes and sweets need to be reduced in the diet.

The glycemic index expresses the rate at which foods pass into blood sugar. The higher the food’s glycemic index, the faster it increases blood sugar levels. Simple carbohydrates have a very high glycemic index and therefore cause huge fluctuations in blood sugar levels.

How is a fasting blood sugar test performed?

The blood glucose test measures blood sugar levels. For this reason, it is recommended that the patient take fasting glucose measurements. A blood sample is taken to measure the blood sugar level of someone who has not been diagnosed with diabetes. A urine test can be performed if there are different symptoms. It can detect the presence of glucose in the blood and urine.

A person with diabetes can check their blood sugar levels using a portable device, which can lead to a single drop of blood being taken from their finger.

What is a normal fasting blood sugar level?

Normal fasting blood glucose levels should be between 0.70 and 1 gram of glucose per liter of blood. Two hours after a meal, your blood sugar level may rise to 1.4 g / l. Postprandial blood glucose levels are not enough to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes. Diabetes is said when this value exceeds 1.26 g / l on an empty stomach and at least two blood sugar tests.

Hypoglycemia: less than 0.7 g / l blood sugar

Normal blood sugar: blood sugar between 0.7 and 1 g / l

Moderate hyperglycemia: blood sugar between 1 and 1.25 g / l

diabetes: More than 1.26 g / l blood sugar

Fiber regulates blood sugar levels

Fiber complexes carbohydrates, gives food volume and bloating in the stomach. A high-fiber diet helps control blood sugar levels. The absorption of complex fiber-rich carbohydrates slows the conversion of food to glucose.

Wholegrain products, fruits, nuts, vegetables and legumes are rich in fiber. Almost all vegetables, legumes and whole grains have a low glycemic index.

Glucose and brain

Blood sugar is controlled by two pancreatic hormones, glucagon and insulin, which help the body absorb glucose. The pancreas secretes a small amount of insulin between meals and during sleep. During a meal, the release of insulin increases, which converts blood sugar into energy and regulates blood sugar levels.

Glucose is extremely important for the brain. The brain needs more energy than other organs, and the brain consumes half the sugar ingested by the body. Glucose is the primary energy source of the brain. After satisfying the needs of the body, it is stored as glycogen in the liver and muscles. When there is a glucose deficiency, the pancreas releases glucagon, which triggers the release of glucose stored in the liver into the bloodstream.

symptoms of low blood sugar

Used to express low blood sugar, hypoglycemia is also seen in people who do not have diabetes.

The most common symptoms of hypoglycaemia include tremor, cold sweat, high heart rate, facial flushing, hunger and severe loss of consciousness.

With hypoglycemia, you need to eat sugar and diabetics can take various medications. It is also recommended to drink juice.

Symptoms of high blood sugar

Hyperglycemia, which is used to express high blood sugar, is a condition in which there is too much glucose in your blood. This may be because you have eaten too much carbohydrates or your insulin is not working.

Fatigue, excessive thirst and excessive urination are the most common symptoms of hyperglycemia. Very high hyperglycemia can cause unconsciousness, coma and even death.

Differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes

In type 1 diabetes, your pancreas does not produce insulin. It is also called juvenile diabetes because it usually affects children and young adults.

With type 2 diabetes, your body does not use insulin well and this is called insulin resistance. This is the most common type of diabetes in adults. It is a type of diabetes that can be treated by changing lifestyle habits such as diet and blood sugar control.

Are artificial sweeteners useful?

If you stop using sweeteners, your blood sugar level may improve. According to some studies, a simple sweet taste is enough for your body to react as if it were sugar.

Studies also show that artificial sweeteners can worsen the bowel reaction.

The importance of lifestyle

Lifestyle is highly effective on blood sugar levels. Stress and illness increase blood sugar levels as the liver begins to release more glucose. At the same time the levels of cortisol and growth hormone increase, the body becomes less sensitive to insulin. According to research, the use of stress management techniques, muscle relaxation and deep breathing can lower blood sugar levels.

Inaction reduces insulin sensitivity and increases insulin requirements. Exercise uses glucose in the body and improves insulin sensitivity. It can lower blood sugar levels up to 24 hours after exercise. According to studies, 25.4 percent of people who exercise less than 30 minutes a week have abnormal blood sugar levels. Various studies have revealed that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is one of the best ways to control sugar levels by lowering glucose levels and increasing glucose metabolism in the brain and muscles.

Abdominal fat, which is associated with lifestyle, is also essential for blood sugar levels. Studies show that people with belly fat are at risk of developing diabetes. Belly fat causes hormonal imbalances and insulin resistance.

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