Bad news for smokers!

Bad news for smokers!


Bad news for smokers!

Cigarette consumption is a common problem in our country and in the world. Because lung cancer is the most common cancer, the relationship between cigarette consumption and lung cancer is often emphasized. However, there are many other cancers and diseases associated with cigarette consumption, the most notable of which is the bladder, the bladder. Bladder cancer is quite common in our society and, according to current data, is the 6th most common cancer in our country and the 10th most common cancer death.

Although the relationship between these two common cancers, which occur as a result of cigarette consumption, is known, we do not yet have a study in which these two tumors are evaluated together. A study was conducted using data from the bladder cancer database created by the Turkish Urocological Association and developed with the help of our country’s leading urological cancer centers.

In this study; On a scientific basis, the relationship between smoking and the development of bladder cancer in our country, the characteristics of bladder cancer in smokers in the diagnosis and treatment processes and perhaps its relationship to the development of lung cancer were investigated. This study is also the first to evaluate the link between smoking and bladder and lung cancer in the light of data from our country. The Turkish Uronological Association and the Turkish Lung Cancer Association teamed up for this study, which was conducted with data from 2,568 patients. The results of the study were shared with the public at a press conference held on 31 May of World No Tobacco Day. The results of this comprehensive study were as follows:

EFFECT OF TOBACCO USE ON Bladder Cancer and Lungs

In accordance with the results obtained from the bladder cancer database, the effect of tobacco use on the current development of bladder and lung cancer was determined. The study evaluated information on 2,568 patients registered with the Turkish Urooncology Association database for bladder cancer.

2.1 percent of bladder cancer patients also had lung cancer, 9.9 percent had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and 0.5 percent had both lung cancer and COPD. 50.3% of patients with bladder cancer and 81.2% of patients with bladder and lung cancer smoked. Both types of cancer were diagnosed at an earlier age in smokers than in non-smokers. The incidence of lung cancer in patients with bladder cancer is higher than in healthy people. The risk of developing lung cancer is even greater in those who have bladder cancer and smoke. It has been observed that lung cancer has developed after an average of 3.7 years in bladder cancer patients and bladder cancer has developed over an average of 4.2 years in lung cancer patients. In addition, quitting smoking sooner does not reduce the risk of bladder and lung cancer. Bladder cancer is observed in smokers at an earlier age and smokers are diagnosed at a higher stage and degree. Patients who smoke are more likely to have surgery for bladder cancer, which requires complete removal of the bladder, and these patients are at increased risk of developing complications after surgery. Again, monitoring these patients has a higher risk of disease recurrence, risk of disease progression, risk of disease spread, and death. Bladder cancer is more advanced and fatal in those who have bladder and lung cancer and continue to smoke.

“TURKEY INCLUDES 9th place in the world in the rate of creeping cancer”

Chairman of the Board of the Turkish Lung Cancer Association prof. . Dr. Atila Akkoçlu shared the following information on lung cancer: “Lung cancer cases in Turkey are reported at 74.8 cases per hundred thousand in men and 10 out of 100 thousand in women. Lung cancer ranks first in men and fourth in women in the frequency of newly diagnosed cancer within one year. The average age of lung cancer, which affects approximately 41,000 new patients a year, is 60 years. 90 percent of patients smoke and 90 percent of smokers are men. Unfortunately, 70 percent of patients go to the doctor at an advanced stage. However, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 2 million people were diagnosed in 2018 by 2018 (11.6% of all cancers). Lung cancer ranks first among cancer-related deaths in terms of deaths with 22 percent in men and second in women after breast cancer with 13.8 percent. While Turkey ranks ninth in the world in lung cancer at 36.9 per hundred thousand, it is third in the world at 74.8 per hundred thousand in men, after Hungary and Serbia.1 Lung cancer is not waiting. For this reason, it is very important for smokers to pay more attention to this disease and to have the necessary examinations done in time. “

“TOBACCO USE INCREASES URBAN Bladder Cancer RISK 3-4 TIMES”

Chairman of the Board of the Turkish Association of Uronocology Prof. Dr. Güven Aslan said: “This risk is directly related to the length of tobacco use and the number of cigarettes smoked per day. It was also seen that the risk of bladder cancer is higher for both current and former smokers compared to those who have never smoked, “he said. Aslan continued his assessment with the following words: “50-65 percent of newly diagnosed bladder cancers in men and 20-30 percent in women are related to tobacco use. Bladder cancer-related deaths are second only to lung cancer-related cancer deaths. Those who start smoking at an earlier age have a higher risk of dying from bladder cancer. The fact that bladder cancer patients are diagnosed at an older age suggests that there is a 30-year delay between the onset of smoking and the diagnosis of bladder cancer. However, a sudden reduction in the risk of bladder cancer is seen in those who have stopped smoking. This decline is 40 percent after 1 to 4 years of smoking cessation and 60 percent after 25 years. Because tobacco smoke contains cancer-causing substances such as beta-naphthylamine and aromatic hydrocarbons, these particles cause inflammation in the bladder and other parts of the body, causing cancer, and stimulates cancer development by creating mutations in tumor-suppressing genes. Therefore, encouraging people to quit smoking will reduce the incidence of bladder cancer in men and women. Smoking low tar cigarettes also does not protect against bladder cancer. The same effect applies to electronic cigarettes. It has been observed that there is an increase in cancer-causing substances in the urine of people who use electronic cigarettes.



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