Less than 42 are at risk! Known as one of the rare diseases

42 yaş altı tehlike altında! Nadir hastalıklardan biri olarak biliniyor

As the coronavirus pandemic continues, the world’s smallpox disease has spread. While the WHO has so far confirmed 80 cases of monkeypox, the infectious disease specialist doc. Dr. A critical warning came from Nafiz Kocak. “The population under the age of 42 worldwide is vulnerable to infection due to the termination of smallpox vaccination programs,” said doc. Dr. Nafiz Koçak called for ‘wearing a mask’.

There is panic in the world after coronavirus (Kovid-19) smallpox. Smallpox, known as one of the rare diseases caused by the endemic virus, has also been observed in Mexico. The WHO, which has so far confirmed 80 cases of monkeypox, is investigating 50 cases.

Infectious Diseases Specialist doc. Dr. Important statements came from Nafiz Koçak. Doc. Dr. Koçak said it was usually a mild illness and would recover within a few weeks without treatment.

Doc. Dr. Koçak said: “Monkey pox occurs in some animals, including humans; It is an infectious disease caused by the smallpox virus. The Congolese-type virus, which has two strains, can be 10 percent deadly, while the mortality rate of the West African strain confirmed during the epidemic in the United Kingdom is about 1 percent. “No deaths have been reported in the last epidemic,” he said.

Infectious Diseases Specialist doc. Dr. Nafíz Kočák


Describes the first symptoms of monkeypox, which were so far rare in the tropical rainforests of Central and West Africa, doc. Dr. Kocak said:

Fever, headache, swelling of the throat, back pain, muscle aches and weakness. In more severe cases, a rash similar to that seen in chickenpox and smallpox, usually on the face and genitals, may develop. People infected with smallpox usually begin to show symptoms 4 to 20 days after infection. There are two different genetic groups, Central African and West African. The Central African monkey pox virus in humans is more severe and has a higher mortality rate than the West African virus. “


Doc. Dr. Kocak continued:

“It can also be transmitted through direct sexual contact. The virus can also spread through infected animals such as monkeys, rats and squirrels. Consumption of undercooked meat from infected animals is also a possible risk factor. It can also be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her The incubation period (from infection (interval to onset of symptoms) is usually 6 to 13 days, but can range from 4 to 20 days. “


With the statement that the course of infection is divided into two periods, doc. Dr. Nafiz Kocak said:

“In the first 5 days, there is a fever, intense headache, swelling of the lymph nodes, back and muscle pain and symptoms of severe fatigue. Lymph node swelling is a hallmark of cases of simianpox virus compared to other similar diseases (chickenpox, measles, chickenpox). The skin rash, which begins in the second period, usually begins 1-3 days after the onset of the fever. The rash is on the face rather than the torso. The rash usually starts on the face (95 percent) and affects the palms and soles (75 percent). In addition, the oral mucosa (70%), genital area (30%) and conjunctiva and cornea (20%) are affected. Severe cases of monkeypox are more common in children. Mortality from the smallpox virus ranges from 0 to 11 percent in the general population and is higher in young children. “


Doc. Dr. Nafiz Kocak listed the measures that can be taken to prevent Monkeypox infection:

“Contact with animals that may transmit the virus (including animals that are sick or found dead in areas where smallpox occurs) should be avoided. Contact with any material that has come into contact with the sick animal should be avoided. Infected patients should be isolated from others who may be at risk of infection. personal protective equipment (PPE) should be worn. A mask should be worn. “


Emphasizing that there is no specific proven treatment, doc. Dr. Nafiz Koçak said: “In order to keep the smallpox epidemic under control, a smallpox vaccine, antivirals and intravenous immunoglobulin (VIG) obtained from people who have had smallpox can be used.”

“Because at the moment, the original (first generation) smallpox vaccines are no longer available to the public. Populations under the age of 42 worldwide are susceptible to infection due to the termination of smallpox vaccination programs. Because monkeypox is closely linked to the virus that causes smallpox, smallpox vaccines can be used as a preventative measure. If the disease is detected, the results of the application can be obtained within the first 5 days. The smallpox vaccine provides cross-protection against all smallpox viruses. “

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