Monkey pox: symptoms, transmission… what are the characteristics of the virus

Monkey pox: symptoms, transmission... what are the characteristics of the virus


With more than 700 cases of monkeypox in France, contamination continues to multiply. What are the symptoms and how is this much talked about disease transmitted? Explanations.

Health authorities have identified 721 confirmed cases of monkeypox as of July 8, 2022. For this incomprehensible broadcast tropical diseaseusually only present in certain areas of the African continent.

Mainly the transfer of animals

Monkey pox is an infectious disease and contagious. It is a virus from the smallpox family. It is widespread among about 20 species of animals, including primates and rodents, and has been transmitted to humans since the 1970s.

It can be transmitted from animals to humans, but also between people. Contamination occurs through direct contact with bloodliquids bodilythey mucous membrane or skinbut also by respiratory secretions (the sputtering they emit as we speak). A longer face-to-face interaction is therefore required to transmit the disease.

Public Health France has shown that most people affected by monkeypox, another name for monkeypox, are men with sex with men and with different partners. However, this is not a sexually transmitted disease or a disease that affects only the homosexual community, but about close and long-term contact those involved in sexual intercourse allow the virus to circulate.

Various symptoms

Screening for this disease can be difficult at first because the first symptoms strongly resemble those of the flu or Covid-19: headache, fever, Muscle pain, chillsaa swollen glands around the ears, neck and nape.

This first wave of symptoms appears after an incubation period of up to from 5 to 21 days. Then after the first symptoms buttons can appear all over the body “especially on the hands and feet, face and scalp.

Depending on the method of contamination, these lesions can affect anogenital areas and oral mucosa“According to ARS.

That’s when the contagion is at its greatest. Therefore, health authorities recommend covering pimples with a bandage or cloth to prevent contamination.


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