Monkey pox virus warning: people under the age of 42 beware!

Monkey pox virus warning: people under the age of 42 beware!

monkey flower Infectious Diseases Specialist doc. Dr. Nafiz Kocak said it was usually a mild illness and would improve within a few weeks without treatment. Doc. Dr. Koçak said:monkey flower diseases observed in some animals, including humans; It is an infectious disease caused by the smallpox virus. The Congolese-type virus, which has two strains, can be fatal in 10 percent, while the mortality rate of the West African strain confirmed during the epidemic in the United Kingdom is about 1 percent. “No deaths have been reported in the last epidemic,” he said.


Describes the first symptoms of monkeypox, which were so far rare in the tropical rainforests of Central and West Africa, doc. Dr. Koçak said: “Fever, headache, sore throat, back pain, muscle aches and weakness. In more severe cases, a rash similar to that seen in chickenpox and smallpox, usually on the face and genitals, may develop. People infected with smallpox usually begin to show symptoms 4 to 20 days after infection. There are two different genetic groups, Central African and West African. “The Central African monkey pox virus in humans is more severe and has a higher mortality rate than the West African virus,” he said.


Doc. Dr. Koçak said: “This virus can be transmitted from person to person through contact with things such as lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets and litter, abrasions of the skin, respiratory tract, eyes, nose or mouth. It can also be transmitted through direct contact during sexual intercourse. It can also spread through infected animals such as monkeys, rats and squirrels, as well as the consumption of undercooked meat from infected animals, or from the pregnant mother to her baby and fetus via the placenta. onset of symptoms) is usually 6 to 13 days, but can range from 4 to 20 days, ”he explained.


With the statement that the course of infection is divided into two periods, doc. Dr. Nafiz Kocak said: “In the first 5 days, fever, intense headaches, swollen lymph nodes, back and muscle pain and severe symptoms of weakness are observed. Lymph node swelling is a hallmark of cases of simianpox virus compared to other similar diseases (chickenpox, measles, chickenpox). The skin rash, which begins in the second period, usually begins 1-3 days after the onset of the fever. The rash is on the face rather than the torso. The rash usually starts on the face (95 percent) and affects the palms and soles (75 percent). In addition, the oral mucosa (70%), genital area (30%) and conjunctiva and cornea (20%) are affected. Severe cases of monkeypox are more common in children. “Monkey pox virus mortality ranges from 0 to 11 percent in the general population and is higher in young children.”


Doc. Dr. Nafiz Kocak listed the measures that can be taken to prevent Monkeypox infection:

“Contact with animals that may transmit the virus (including animals that are sick or found dead in areas where smallpox occurs) should be avoided. Contact with any material that has come into contact with the sick animal should be avoided. Infected patients should be isolated from others who may be at risk of infection. personal protective equipment (PPE) should be worn. A mask should be worn. “


Doc. Dr. Koçak said: “With regard to accuracy and sensitivity in diagnostics; polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is the preferred laboratory assay. A biopsy is an option if available. Antigen and antibody detection methods do not provide specific confirmation of monkeypox. Therefore, blood tests and antigen detection methods for diagnosis or case study are not recommended when resources are limited. “


Emphasizing that there is no specific proven treatment, doc. Dr. Nafiz Kocak, a smallpox vaccine, antivirals and intravenous immunoglobulin (VIG) obtained from people who have had smallpox can be used to keep the smallpox epidemic under control. At present, the original (first generation) smallpox vaccines are no longer available to the public. Populations under the age of 42 worldwide are susceptible to infection due to the termination of smallpox vaccination programs. Because monkeypox is closely linked to the virus that causes smallpox, smallpox vaccines can be used as a preventative measure. If the disease is detected, the results of the application can be obtained within the first 5 days. The smallpox vaccine provides cross-protection against all smallpox viruses.


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