Nowadays, when pollen spreads through the air, problems such as a stuffy nose, sneezing, watery eyes, itching and coughing are very common. Dr. Banu Musaffa Salepçi said: “Patients are looking forward to the summer, but the problem with allergies still does not end.”
Pollen The season is known as spring. however Usually He states that the pollen season of trees is observed in early spring (March-April), tree pollens are observed in February-April, meadow pollens are observed in April-June and grass pollens are observed in August-September, chest disease specialist prof. . Dr. Banu Musaffa Salepçi said: “Pollen causes problems in summer and autumn” and provided the following information…
Pollen dispersion increases with heat and wind
With the spring spread of pollen through the air, symptoms such as itchy nose, sneezing, colds, stuffy nose, watery itching in the eyes, frequent coughing, shortness of breath, allergic rhinitis, eye allergies and asthma are manifested. launched. Pollen increases in late summer and early autumn, especially from April to July.
It is released more intensively, especially between 07: 00-10: 00 in the morning and 19: 00-22: 00 in the evening. Pollen enters when you go out at these times or have your windows open at home, especially in windy weather. Reactions may occur in the respiratory tract of people sensitive to pollen. People with allergies feel comfortable because the amount of pollen flying in the air decreases on rainy days. Conversely, on hot and windy days, pollen spread increases.
It acts on the lungs and skin
If the allergy is not taken care of, it can turn into an infectious conjunctivitis, an infectious disease that causes reddening of the eyes in the future. If a person’s lungs are sensitive, they may react in the form of asthma, such as dry cough, mucus cough, and wheezing. Sometimes pollen can stick to the skin. As a result, eczema, rash, itching, hives (hives) can be seen.
can be controlled
It is not possible to completely eradicate the disease. Treatment is aimed at eliminating complaints. The treatment uses drugs called antihistamines, which eliminate the effects of substances such as histamine released in the body by IgE when it encounters an allergen. In addition, nasal sprays and cortisone eye drops can be used for eye problems. In some patients whose complaints cannot be controlled with this treatment and are often recurrent, vaccination therapy is also used to desensitize the body to allergens. There is also a risk that untreated spring allergies will turn into asthma in the future.
It is not difficult to diagnose
The patient should first consult the diagnosis with an allergist. To make a diagnosis, an allergist needs a detailed medical history, followed by an allergy test. The allergy test is performed in two ways. Skin or blood tests are most often used to identify triggers for spring allergies.
Methods of protection
In disease prevention, it is necessary to stay away from known allergens as much as possible. If you are going to be in open areas such as picnics where the pollen is intense, it may be protective to start with antihistamines and use a mask in advance. In addition, it is necessary not to open the windows at home in the morning and evening, when pollen release is highest. When you return home from the outside, pollen will also help you get rid of washing your hands and face with plenty of soap and water and an evening shower before bed.