Smallpox: the number of cases is increasing, medical protocols are in place

Smallpox: the number of cases is increasing, medical protocols are in place



MONKEYPOX. In France, 7 cases of monkeypox were confirmed. Public Health France calls on people at risk to be vaccinated and introduces health protocols for sick and contact cases to avoid an epidemic.

Basic

  • Smallpox – also called “smallpox” – is circulating in France. Public health France has 7 confirmed cases in France. The rare disease is spreading mainly in Europe and North America, with more than a hundred contaminations detected in 20 countries.
  • Health Minister Brigitte Bourguignon and Public Health of France are urging people with contact cases and carers to be vaccinated against monkeypox as a precaution, but the minister wanted to be reassured, he said. RTL that an outbreak of the disease is not expected.
  • Public health France has also developed health protocols for people infected with monkeypox, suspected cases and contact cases to prevent the epidemic spread of the virus.
  • Chickenpox is often mild, but can cause serious symptoms, especially in humans. In very rare and very serious cases, it is potentially fatal. There is no vaccine.

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08:08 – Safer and more effective Imvanex chickenpox vaccine

Developed in 2000, Imvanex has a “tolerance profile better than 1st and 2nd generation vaccines” that was developed in the 1970s and 1980s before the World Health Organization announced the eradication of smallpox. The High Health Authority adds that the Danish vaccine benefits from a “route of administration and a much more favorable safety profile than 1st and 2nd generation vaccines, while ensuring comparable immunogenicity. The smallpox vaccine has been shown to be 85% effective in preventing monkeys. smallpox.

07:58 – HAS recommends the use of smallpox vaccines

Public Health France recommends the vaccination of monkeypox contact contact cases and carers, and the High Health Authority (HAS) favors the use of third-generation smallpox vaccines to prevent the spread of smallpox. These sera are 85% effective against monkeypox. HAS cites in particular the Danish vaccine Imvanex developed by Bavarian Nordik.

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The General Directorate of Health (DSG) announced on Tuesday, May 25, 2022, the detection of two new cases of monkeypox in France, bringing the number of infected to 7. As with the very first contamination, the Ministry of Health stated that taken care of this person. Without gravity, he is isolated in his house. ” The first patient was a “29-year-old man who had not traveled to a country where the virus circulated in the past.” To stop the virus from circulating, health authorities said that “French public health teams will carry out an in-depth epidemiological inquiry” and that “people who have been in close contact with these patients have been identified”.

According to the first findings of the World Health Organization (WHO), smallpox comes from Central and West Africa. Countries like Nigeria or Cameroon would be the main sources of origin. This disease, known since the 1970s, usually tends to develop in tropical areas. Seeing how it develops in countries without this climate is a surprise to scientists.

Cases of monkeypox have been imported into Western countries since their discovery, including the United States, where they remain “rare,” according to the US Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC). In the spring of 2003, cases were confirmed in the country, marking the first outbreak outside the African continent.

New cases of monkeypox are increasing worldwide, and the WHO has warned health authorities in all countries that an increase should be expected. Below you will find data from the Ourworldindata chart, which allow you to visualize the development of the disease circulation.

The number of contaminations remains quite limited for the time being; in Europe, we are seeing a more significant transmission phenomenon in the United Kingdom unless health services do not develop more effective means of identifying new cases of smallpox. The map designed by Ourdatainworld allows you to measure the disruption of monkeypox spread on different continents of the world.

England was the first to sound the alarm. The first monkey pox patient was identified there on May 7, a person returning from a trip to Nigeria. The British Health Security Agency assures that, except for the first case identified, the transfer would take place within the country. Since then, the number of cases has been steadily increasing. Spain, Portugal, Canada and the United States, on the other hand, have reported that they have had chickenpox or whatever appears to be on their territory. Sweden and Italy followed. This applies to almost 20 countries.

According to the World Health Organization, smallpox is infected by “consuming undercooked meat from infected animals.” It was originally an infectious disease caused by a virus transmitted by animals, especially rodents. Transmission to humans would result from contact with an already contaminated person or their organic fluids (especially saliva).

However, monkeypox can also be transmitted by close contact with infected airway secretions, skin lesions of an infected person, or objects recently contaminated with body fluids or material from the patient’s lesions. According to the British Health Security Agency, sexual relations could spread the disease. Therefore, sheltered contact is recommended.

The symptoms are similar to those of patients with smallpox, but are milder. In the first 5 days, the infection causes several symptoms: fever, headache, swollen lymph nodes (adenopathy), back pain, muscle pain (myalgia) and exhaustion (asthenia).

Within 1-3 days (sometimes longer) of the onset of the fever, the patient develops symptoms of a rash that often begins on the face and then spreads to other parts of the body, including the palms, soles and mucous membranes (mouth and genital area). Itching is common. The lesions go through various successive stages: macules, papules, vesicles, pustules and crusts. When scabs fall off, people are no longer contagious. Other mucous membranes (ENT, conjunctiva) may also be affected. “Incubation of the disease can range from 5 to 21 days. The fever phase lasts about 1 to 3 days. The disease, generally mild, most often heals spontaneously after 2 to 3 weeks,” Public Health France emphasizes.

If symptoms appear virulent, especially in men, mortality remains low. Indeed, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirms that “in general, mortality is between 1% and 10%, with the majority of deaths occurring among the youngest”. Should we be concerned about the spread of the new virus two years after the coronavirus epidemic began? According to Antoine Gessain, Head of the Department of Epidemiology and Physiopathology of Oncogenic Viruses at the Pasteur Institute, smallpox poses only a low level of danger, he explained. BFM-TV. No vaccine is needed. He even wants to be reassuring: “There is no great risk of a major pandemic.”

Some countries have taken swift action to prevent the virus from spreading. The health authorities of Portugal and Spain have thus launched a national health emergency. Italy said the situation was “under constant surveillance” and the Swedish authorities “are now investigating with regional infectious disease centers to see if there are more cases”.

Spain has decided to take the lead. The Kingdom of the Pyrenees on Thursday said it was preparing to buy thousands of smallpox vaccines, which are normally designed to fight smallpox, an extremely serious disease that the WHO declared eradicated in 1980. “We need to find a way to buy these vaccines quickly. because it is a very valuable tool to stop the epidemic, “Elena Andradas, director general of public health for the community in Madrid, told the Madrid daily El Pais. This vaccine is not intended for use in the general population, but only in contact with confirmed cases.

According to an article in La Tribune, at the end of 2012, France had a strategic supply of 1st generation vaccines of more than 82 million doses. These stocks are held for 40 years by the Army Medical Service (SSA).



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