Sparkling water: advantages and limitations of this drink

Presse Santé

It’s fun to play with bubbles and many people think it’s also quite tasty to have bubbles in the water. While the carbonated version of water is growing in popularity, people are not entirely sure where sparkling water stands; also commonly referred to as carbonated water, salt water, sparkling water or mineral water in terms of health.

Is it water similar to alkaline water or completely different water?

With products that make it easier to produce carbonated water at home, many people even replace their normal water intake with a large amount of carbonated version. But wait, is sparkling water healthy? Is carbonation harmful to your health? Short answer to both questions: It depends. Let’s dive into this fizzy drink and find out how healthy (or not) it is!

What is sparkling water? Types of sparkling water

What is sparkling water?

Sparkling water is a variant of water that is a clear, colorless liquid without odor and taste. Sparkling water is filled with carbon dioxide, which makes it sparkling. The “effervescence” of sparkling water can be natural or artificial. If you’re wondering what carbonated water is, it’s another name used to describe carbonated or sparkling water.

The most natural form of sparkling water is carbonated mineral water, which not only naturally contains minerals, but can also be naturally carbonated. This refreshing and sparkling liquid comes directly from the source: a natural mineral spring. Effervescence can be caused by gases naturally present in the water. However, not all sparkling mineral water is naturally sparkling, and many mineral water companies add carbon dioxide to the water to make it sparkling.

An example of artificial sparkling water or salt water is what comes from the newly popular soda makers, which inject carbon dioxide into the water. If you own a sparkling water maker, you already know how to make sparkling water at home at the touch of a button. There are also flavored sparkling waters that contain other ingredients (sometimes natural, but sometimes artificial and unhealthy.

What is soda water?

Seltzer water is basically an artificial version of sparkling water. Seltzer water is simply water with added carbon dioxide. Seltzer water is said to have emerged as a cheaper alternative to sparkling mineral water.

Is sparkling water healthy? The benefits of sparkling water

Is sparkling water healthy? That is a good question. As with many foods and beverages, sparkling water can be healthy if you choose the right type. The best variety of sparkling water is the one that is rich in minerals, called carbonated mineral water. Many experts say that sparkling water can be just as moisturizing as regular water, but bubbles can make it difficult to drink this sparkling variety.

You should opt for sparkling mineral water, because you will get not only water but also valuable minerals. The type of sparkling water you should definitely avoid is one that contains artificial flavors, dyes and / or additives.

In some cases, carbonated water has been shown to have certain benefits for human health. Let’s look at some of the ways sparkling water can be useful.

1. Rich in healthy minerals

If you choose sparkling mineral water, you can add various minerals to your diet and quench your thirst. Natural mineral waters can be defined as’ which come from an aquifer or underground reservoir, flow from one or more natural or drilled springs and have specific hygienic and, where appropriate, non-hazardous properties. »

In short, sparkling mineral water must come from a natural source and contain minerals naturally. Depending on the source, the type and amount of minerals may vary. The great thing about mineral waters is that their minerals are said to be more easily absorbed than the minerals found in food, because minerals in food are bound to complex molecules, while minerals exist in the form of free ions in mineral water. Magnesium, calcium and potassium are examples of vital minerals found in sparkling mineral water.

2. Blood sugar management

Mineral waters also commonly contain bicarbonate. Bicarbonate is actually present in the human body and helps maintain a healthy blood pH so that it does not become too acidic or too alkaline.

A 2015 study published in Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine combined drinking high bicarbonate mineral water with better blood sugar control. The 19 healthy subjects in the study drank either 500 milliliters of commercially available tap water or bicarbonate-rich mineral water per day. The researchers observed that, compared with tap water drinkers, mineral water drinkers experienced a significant decrease in serum glycoalbumin levels, which is significant because glycoalbumin levels are used as an indicator of glycemic control.

3. A healthier alternative to lemonade

If you drink diet soda, go for sparkling water immediately. As long as sparkling water does not contain harmful ingredients for your health, it still wins if you compare sparkling water to soda. Sodas are either loaded with insulin-raising sugars or filled with extremely dangerous fake sugars, such as aspartame.

4. Helps with dyspepsia and constipation

A UK scientific journal published in 2014 analyzed 20 different studies involving 902 subjects with a central neurological disease, such as Parkinson’s disease, or a brain injury, such as a stroke. People with these types of conditions are much more likely to suffer from constipation than the general population. This study found that sparkling water can be useful for stroke victims with constipation.

Another study published in the European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology examined the effects of carbonated drinks on 21 patients with functional dyspepsia and found that carbonated water improved the symptoms of dyspepsia, as well as constipation and bladder emptying.

5. Soothes motion sickness

This is one of those sparkling waters that can really come in handy, especially when you’re on a long trip by car, bus, plane or boat. Nausea can be really annoying, but decaffeinated soft drinks are known for their ability to soothe this nausea. Drinking cold, sparkling mineral water can be the perfect drink to help you feel better quickly.

Danger of carbonated water

Is sparkling water harmful to your health?

Some people think so. For example, carbonated water is associated with dental problems. Why are sparkling waters so hostile to our mouths? According to some experts, carbonation can wear tooth enamel over time and potentially contribute to tooth decay.

The researchers found that the feeling we get when we drink a carbonated drink, such as sparkling water, is due to a reaction that takes place in our mouths and turns carbon dioxide bubbles into irritating carbonic acid. So this intoxicating “bite” of carbonation is actually more chemical than physical.

However, these doctors agree that sparkling water is still a much better choice than club soda, which is much more acidic. They also note that sparkling mineral water contains minerals “that can actually compensate for some of the potential damage caused by low pH.” They generally recommend still water over sparkling water, but sparkling water definitely wins over lemonades and high-sugar juices.

Another problem with sparkling water is companies that add unhealthy additives and sweeteners. Some sparkling water brands have made sparkling water even more popular nowadays. Flavored sparkling waters give soda drinkers the sparkling noise they love and are available in a range of fruit flavors. On the other hand, naturally flavored sparkling waters without sweeteners can help get rid of unhealthy soda addiction. The bad news, however, is that these flavorings, including citric and other fruit acids, have been linked to possible enamel erosion.

Again, the pH of the flavored sparkling waters is worrying. While the pH of tap water is usually between 6 and 8, the saturation of the water lowers its pH to around 5. With aromatic essences and other carbonated water additives, the pH can drop even further. the more likely it is to be destructive to our teeth.

What does research say about carbonated water and tooth erosion?

A study published in the International Journal of Pediatric Dentistry shows that flavored sparkling waters seem to be the most worrying. The researchers found that the pH values ​​of the flavored waters tested were in the same range as for cola and orange juice. In addition, flavored waters also contained citric acid (commonly added to flavored sparkling waters to give them flavor), and as the study points out, citric acid has “particularly high erosive potential.” In general, researchers have found that flavored sparkling waters have a significantly lower pH than unflavored sparkling mineral waters.

Another study published in the Journal of Oral Rehabilitation found that unflavored carbonated mineral water was 100 times less harsh on tooth enamel than the tested carbonated beverages. Overall, the researchers concluded that the minerals in sparkling mineral water have a positive effect on the erosion that occurs on the tooth surface, and that “mineral water seems to offer a safe alternative to more acidic beverages. Erosive.” »

* Presse Santé strives to impart health knowledge in a language accessible to all. IN NO EVENT can the information provided replace the advice of a healthcare professional.

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