What diseases trigger late sleep?

What diseases trigger late sleep?


Prof. Prof. Dr. Derya Uludüz: “For many of us, it has now become customary to go to bed late. However, this situation seriously endangers our health, “he said.

What diseases trigger late sleep?

Organized and good sleep is essential for both physical and mental health. Neurological specialist Prof. However, he said that sleep time and sleep duration are just as important as sleep quality. Dr. Derya Uludüz pointed out the negative effects of late sleep on health as follows…

GENES ARE EFFECTIVE

In fact, our genes also play a role in our late night’s sleep. Our internal clocks are controlled by proteins secreted by various genes. Influencing certain genes slows down the body’s internal biological clock and causes people to stay awake until late at night. For example, researchers have found that the CRY1 gene, which plays a role in biological clocks, is affected in people with sleep disorders. However, these genetic tendencies can be controlled by lifestyle changes.

WHAT WILL CAUSE?

diabetes: Eating late when you sleep increases the risk of diabetes 2. This is because the biological clock affects the way glucose is metabolized in the body. Glucose levels should fall naturally during the day and reach their lowest point at night.

Obesity: Going to bed late in the evening affects the body’s natural hormones. In people with impaired biological rhythms, the hormone leptin, which ensures a feeling of satiety, decreases and the level of the hormone ghrelin, which promotes hunger, increases. Therefore, hormone imbalance causes weight gain. Studies show that people who are awake at night consume more junk food. In addition, people who sleep less than 7 hours a day tend to gain weight and have an increased risk of obesity. Sleepless nights can also cause confusion in the digestive system as the way the body cleanses glucose during the night changes. This causes health problems such as diabetes or kidney failure in the long run.

Weak immunity: Sleep affects your immune system. If you start to get sick and don’t sleep well, you won’t be able to create enough defenses to fight disease or infection. Make sure you sleep at night, especially in the winter, when flu epidemics and colds are common.

Depression: People who go to bed late at night have more symptoms of depression. The brain activity of people with depression appears different in sleep and wakefulness than in healthy people. During the day, our internal biological sleep clocks resist and are more aroused. At night, these fluctuations disappear and sleep is promoted. However, these rhythms are disturbed in people with depression. Melatonin, which rises in the evening, is useless and cortisol levels remain high instead of falling at night. So much so that in many countries, circadian rhythm depression is used instead of antidepressants. Depressed people are exposed to bright light for one week and then left awake for one full day. Using these methods, it attempts to reorganize the internal clock. The American Psychiatric Association says light therapy is as effective as antidepressants in treating non-seasonal depression.

Brain damage: The brains of people who sleep late have a different physiological structure. German scientists proved this in a study. Brain imaging of those who woke up early, went to bed late, and had an unstable sleep pattern was analyzed. It has been observed that the amount of white matter that facilitates communication between nerve cells in the brains of those who have been deprived of sleep at night has decreased from all groups. White matter deficiency is associated with depression and impaired normal cognitive function. You may think you will have successful morning results or work overtime for exams. But night insomnia significantly reduces your productivity and reduces your learning and memory functions.

The pattern the body is used to to stay healthy is changing

Our cities are lit by millions of artificial lights that disrupt the sleep hormone melatonin, which our bodies secrete at dusk. We take home work, stay awake for hours and constantly load our body with the stress hormone cortisol. We don’t let go of smartphones or leave the computer until later. These are the reasons why our bodies are used to staying healthy. Therefore, we can face serious diseases.

Protein levels are deteriorating

In fact, it is the most ideal way to get a job according to our biological clock. But most of us make the night shift out of necessity from time to time. Researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder have studied how protein levels change in 24 hours, depending on when a person sleeps and when they eat. According to research, waking up overnight can affect more than 100 proteins in the blood. Even altering only one of these proteins can disrupt protein levels that are known to affect metabolism, the immune system, blood sugar levels, and cancer risk. A protein called glucagon is at high levels in people who suffer from insomnia or do not sleep all night. It is a protein that triggers the release of sugar into the blood through the liver. Elevated levels of this protein increase the risk of diabetes. Insomnia causes a 20% decrease in a protein called fibroblast growth factor 2, which controls energy expenditure and calorie burning. Reducing the levels of these proteins reduces the overall calorie-burning capacity of people whose circadian rhythms are disturbed by about 10 percent and weight gain begins.

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